Cancer of the eye and eyelid is a rare but serious condition that can cause significant damage to the eyes and surrounding tissue. The two main types of cancer that affect the eye and eyelid are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. These types of cancer usually appear as small, painless, slow-growing bumps or lumps on the eyelid or surrounding skin.
Symptoms of cancer of the eye and eyelid include:
- A lump or bump on the eyelid or surrounding skin
- A sore that does not heal
- Changes in the color or texture of the eyelid or surrounding skin
- A feeling of something in the eye
- Changes in vision or eye movement
Early detection and treatment are essential for the best outcome. One of our optometrists can diagnose cancer of the eye and eyelid during a comprehensive eye exam. They may also refer out to an ocular oncologist, a doctor who specializes in the treatment of eye cancer.
Treatment for cancer of the eye and eyelid can include:
- Surgery to remove the cancerous tissue
- Radiation therapy
The type of treatment chosen will depend on the size, location, and stage of the cancer, as well as the overall health of the patient.
It is important to note that while the risk of developing eye cancer is low, people who have a history of skin cancer, exposure to UV radiation, or certain genetic conditions may be at increased risk. Therefore, it is important for people with any of these risk factors to have regular eye exams.
Prevention is key, it is important to protect your eyes from sun exposure and UV radiation by wearing protective eyewear, hats, and sunscreen. If you notice any changes in your eyes or surrounding tissue, it is important to see an eye care professional immediately.